So you’re?interested in gardening and?don’t?know?about?composting or perhaps you’ve been giving?a?thought to it but cant bring yourself to start the process. Yes there are misconceptions related to composting; its complex, messy, and it smells bad. All those things are true only if?you go?about?composting?the wrong way. However, do it right?and?it gives?you?wonderful results?like?a rich soil?and?a solid base?for?you?to?grow plants?and vegetables. Below we list?the best way you can?go about?creating?a?good organic compost pile at home.
The?first thing?to?remember about?composting is that not?all waste?in your home can be converted into an organic compost pile. Below?is a?handy list of?what and what?not?to compost.
DO – vegetable and fruit scraps from your?refrigerator, eggshells, coffee grounds, dry leaves, straw.
DON’T – meat, dairy products, feces (dog or cat), animal carcass.
Fast and slow hot and cold
There are two types of composting: hot and cold.
In cold?compost you can?just dump all?scraps mentioned?above?in a?pile/bin?in your?back?garden and?wait?for it to decompose. This process?could?take?well over?a year.
Hot?compost however is a quicker process. During warm weather?your scraps can?turn?into compost in as little as two or three months.
Choose a spot
Preferably your backyard is the perfect place for composting. If it gets a lot of sun that’s even better. Once you’ve chosen a spot you can place a bin there. You can even mark a roughly rectangular area and deposit your scraps there. If you want to enclose it inside a wooden construction that’s even better.
Keep in?mind:?the?pile?or the?bin?should be?no more than 3 feet in height.
Layer it don’t dump it
Once you have the area decided you can proceed?to the more?fun?part of the composting. Composting should be done in?three layers:?carbon, nitrogen, and topsoil. Be sure to have a heady mixture of these three and you’ll have?a?perfect?compost. Below?is a?brief description.
Carbon – untreated sawdust, leaves, hay straw etc.
Nitrogen – vegetable and fruit wastes, manure, fertilizers.
Topsoil – avoid soils containing insecticides?and?you’re good to go.
Add twigs if you want. They guarantee proper air flow.
Bacteria love moisture. Without moisture your scrap will remain what it?is?in?the?beginning just?scrap. Sprinkle some water?into your bin?so it becomes roughly soggy. Don’t overdo it however. Oxygen will make sure that your scraps don’t rot and smell. A good combination of moisture and oxygen would mean that your mixture would smell earthy and not give out stench like a waste-pile.
Once you have achieved the above steps it’s time?to?let?your compost?sit?and do its?own thing. Keep?any eye on?your compost and?stir?it, overturn?it?every two weeks or so.
Maintaining?an at home compost is?much?better?than buying?soil?from?the?store?because it?allows you?to?make use?of waste you’d normally throw away. We hope this has given the gardener in you enough confidence to start composting.